Tea Cultivation Areas
Nuwara Eliya :-
offers a combination of attractions, such as healing climate, scenic beauty, wooded wilderness, flowery meadows and its highplateau. Nuwara Eliya is an oval shaped mountain valley, the plateau being 6,240 feet above the sea level.
Nuwara Eliya produces tea with an unique flavour. The air is scented with the fragrance of the cypress trees that grow in abundance and mentholated with the wild mint and eucalyptus. It is a combination of all these factors that produces a tea that is recognised by connoisseurs of tea in the world. The tea when brewed is light but has an exquisite flavour and aroma. It has truly been said that Nuwara Eliya is to Ceylon Tea what Champagne is to Frech Wine.
This is perhaps the most famous name in Ceylon Tea, as it was one of the first areas to be planted after tea took over from coffee in Ceylon in 1870's. The area covers the extensive western slopes of the tea planting districts. The standard definition of this district embraces plantations from around 3,500 to 5,000 feet above the sea level. The extensive mountain ranges and valleys that make up this vast area are often at the higher range of elevation, from Hatton, Dick Oya and all yhe way to Talawakelle and Nanu Oya at the Western of Nuwara Eliya. The South-West Monsoon rains have a significant impact on the quality of Dimbula teas. Cold dry weather from January to March brings about changes that vary in the different valleys. This Western quality season throws out a range of teas from bodied flavour to light, delicate and fragrant.
Located at the base of the hilly districts, it achieves a round liquor from fields that drop down to lower elevations and touch of Dimbula character resulting from factories high in the mountains.
Known as the Golden Valley for its lush, vigourous tea bushes that produce full, flavoury teas throughout the year.
A tea growing district at the foot of the Adam's Peak (Sripada), a famous religious landmark of the country. The tea is perhaps not as heavy, but with a character that is unique. The Upcot area at the fringe of this district offers a selection of flavoury teas of a rosy taste.
Most of the plantations are above 5000 feet. A combination of unique tea bushes and cooler climate brings out the Dimbula character supported by all-round strength and body.
As you climb higher and move on to Nanuoya and Lindula, one encounters teas of full body and character. Teas from plantations closer to Nuwara Eliya are lighter in cup and more fragrant.
This valley is situated more to the East and is second to none for its complete combination of all the characteristics of climate and soil that has been found suitable for the production of a special class of Ceylon Tea.
As you descend towards Kandy, a range of lighter rosier liquors of exquisite taste are found during the season. The teas from the lower slopes are stronger in keeping with warmer conditions.
An area of spectacular mountain scenery and breathtaking water falls producing teas that truly refreash.
The plantations around Kandy, the ancient capital of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) , supply what are known as mid country teas. These are notable for full bodied strong tea, which appeal to everyone who likes a good thick coloury brew. The tea plantations are located from 2,000 to 4,000 feet and is the region where tea was first grown in Sri Lanka.
Main sub districts:
A range of hills that extends to Nilambe, Kotmale and Gampola areas. The valley is protected from strong monsoon rains and the teas are darker and stronger in cup. Those plantations in Hewaheta, which experience weather changes associated with the South-West Monsoon winds, acquire a flavoury character during the eastern quality season.
Located on the edge of Kandy is Matale. a selection of coloury, strong teas could be had from this district throughout the year. The area encompases the Madulkelle, Knuckles and Rangala mountain range.
On the fringe of Uva and leading on to Nuwara Eliya is the Uda Pussallawa mountain range. It experiences the same North-East Monsoon as Uva. Two planting districts account for the tea produced. Unlike Uva, Uda Pussallawa enjoys two periods of superior quality. The traditional eastern quality season is from July to September, will be its peak period. But the conditions will brighten up during the western quality seasonin the first quarter of the year.Plantations in upper Uda Pussallawa closer to Nuwara Eliya gain the of dry cold conditions that bring about a range of rosy teas.
The area is located on the eastern edge of Nuwara Eliya, at the gateway to Uda Pussallawa. The teas are as delicate as its neighbour's, but retain the subtle character whilest gaining more body.
As you move deeper into the Uda Pussallawa range, teas from this area are of medium body and rosy character, which is maintained throughout the year.
Grown 3,000 to 5,000 feet up on the eastern slopes of Sri Lanka's central mountains, teas from the Uva districts have quite a distinctive flavour and pungency, and are widely used in many blends. It deserves also to be enjoyed as a self drinking tea , especially during the Uva quality season from July to September each year.
From this valley comes a range of teas that are at the very heart of what has come to be known as the Uva district. Their pungent character is renowned all over the world and enhances amny a specialised blend. Many of the individual plantations and factories achieve their own unique variations of flavour and lend themselves to single garden marketing opportunities.
Travellig through Nuwara Eliya to descend to Badulla, capital of Uva, one passes through Demodera and Hali-Ela from which areas a range of strong flavoury teas are produced.
The district is better known for its range of black leaf, strong liquoring teas.
Madulsima stands out as a dog's paw extending to about 25 miles north of Passara. When the strong winds originating from the South Western Monsoon arrive at this furthest point they are a spent force. However, they still transmit a certain degree of flavour to the tea. The result is a tea of all round taste with a hint of special character.
Plantations lie on slopes of the Namunukula range which includes the tallest mountain of Uva known by the same name. Tea from the district are of the medium strength, but take on a mild aromatic character during the season.
The teas are grown at a high elevationsand the climat cooler. Winds that blow through the access passes play an important part in achieving the lighter tasting teas that are produced throughout the year.
The edge of the central massif where on a clear dayyou can see not forever but at least to the plain and if you are lucky, the sea. It produces a range of rounder teas with delicate Uva character.
The foothils, of the central massif where tea is grown on the lower slopes give strong liquors.
The southern part of the country has an exclusive condition in the soilwhich gives blackness to the leaves as well as strength and character in the cup. The unique features of these teas grown from sea level to around 2,000 feet are their appearence and special taste. The stylish range of whole leaf teas are enhanced by attractive golden and silver tips produced from a range of tea bushes that thrive in the furtile soils and warm conditions. Ideal for those who like a thick, sweet brew or without milk.
Main Sub Districts
The Sinharaja Forest Researve, south of Ratnapura offers a congenial atmosphere for plantations in this region. The parochial winds of the South-West Monsoon, which can cause much damage to the tea bushes, are kept at bay by this forest belt. The brighter varieties of tea produced in these areas have found a niche in most European countries.
Located south of Ratnapura, Deniyaya has the same elevational characteristics as that of Ratnapura and Balangoda. The liquors produced here are lighter than most conventional low grown teas and are much brighter in the cup.
South of Deniyaya is Matara, which is another region well known for its tea production. Here the platations are situated at almost sea level. The cool springs of the nearby hills and the Nilwala river have brought fertility to these plantations.
Galle offers teas which are much wanted in the Western and Middle East markets by conoisseurs. Strategically placed on the sea routes, Galle has remained the chief port of call from early 14th century. It has regained its significance with the cultivation of tea.